Horizontal gaze palsy as presenting symptom of brainstem encephalitis

Natan Gadoth, Geula Goldhammer, Joseph Alcalay, Marco Bechar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A 48-year-old female presented with bilateral paralysis of supranuclear hori zontal conjugated gaze and impairment of various pontine, cerebellar and cervical spinal cord functions. The clinical signs and laboratory work-up indicated myeloencephalitis, probably of viral etiology. Paralysis of supranuclear horizontal conjugated gaze was produced experimentally by damaging the paramedial pontine reticularformation(PPRF). In the human, this a bnor-mality is extremely rare and, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported previously in reversible encephalitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-213
Number of pages3
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


  • Abducens nucleus
  • Brainstem encephalitis
  • Horizontal gaze
  • Medial longitudinal fasciculus
  • Pontine paramedian reticular formation (PPRF)


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