Highly Stable 4.6 V LiCoO2 Cathodes for Rechargeable Li Batteries by Rubidium-Based Surface Modifications

Tianju Fan, Yujie Wang, Villa Krishna Harika, Amey Nimkar, Kai Wang, Xiaolang Liu, Meng Wang, Leimin Xu, Yuval Elias, Hadar Sclar, Munseok S. Chae, Yonggang Min, Yuhao Lu, Netanel Shpigel, Doron Aurbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Among extensively studied Li-ion cathode materials, LiCoO2 (LCO) remains dominant for portable electronic applications. Although its theoretical capacity (274 mAh g−1) cannot be achieved in Li cells, high capacity (≤240 mAh g−1) can be obtained by raising the charging voltage up to 4.6 V. Unfortunately, charging Li-LCO cells to high potentials induces surface and structural instabilities that result in rapid degradation of cells containing LCO cathodes. Yet, significant stabilization is achieved by surface coatings that promote formation of robust passivation films and prevent parasitic interactions between the electrolyte solutions and the cathodes particles. In the search for effective coatings, the authors propose RbAlF4 modified LCO particles. The coated LCO cathodes demonstrate enhanced capacity (>220 mAh g−1) and impressive retention of >80/77% after 500/300 cycles at 30/45 °C. A plausible mechanism that leads to the superior stability is proposed. Finally the authors demonstrate that the main reason for the degradation of 4.6 V cells is the instability of the anode side rather than the failure of the coated cathodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2202627
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume9
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 4.6V LCO
  • Li-ion cathodes
  • LiCoO2
  • high voltage batteries
  • surface coatings

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