High Resolution Spatio-Temporal Model for Room-Level Airborne Pandemic Spread

Teddy Lazebnik, Ariel Alexi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Airborne pandemics have caused millions of deaths worldwide, large-scale economic losses, and catastrophic sociological shifts in human history. Researchers have developed multiple mathematical models and computational frameworks to investigate and predict pandemic spread on various levels and scales such as countries, cities, large social events, and even buildings. However, attempts of modeling airborne pandemic dynamics on the smallest scale, a single room, have been mostly neglected. As time indoors increases due to global urbanization processes, more infections occur in shared rooms. In this study, a high-resolution spatio-temporal epidemiological model with airflow dynamics to evaluate airborne pandemic spread is proposed. The model is implemented, using Python, with high-resolution 3D data obtained from a light detection and ranging (LiDAR) device and computing model based on the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model for the airflow and the Susceptible–Exposed–Infected (SEI) model for the epidemiological dynamics. The pandemic spread is evaluated in four types of rooms, showing significant differences even for a short exposure duration. We show that the room’s topology and individual distribution in the room define the ability of air ventilation to reduce pandemic spread throughout breathing zone infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number426
JournalMathematics
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CFD
  • SEI model
  • agent-based simulation
  • airborne pathogens
  • indoor pandemic

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