GRB 090423 at a redshift of z approximate to 8.1

R. Salvaterra, M. Della Valle, S. Campana, G. Chincarini, S. Covino, P. D'Avanzo, A. Fernandez-Soto, C. Guidorzi, F. Mannucci, R. Margutti, C. C. Thoene, L. A. Antonelli, S. D. Barthelmy, M. De Pasquale, V. D'Elia, F. Fiore, D. Fugazza, L. K. Hunt, E. Maiorano, S. MarinoniF. E. Marshall, E. Molinari, J. Nousek, E. Pian, J. L. Racusin, L. Stella, L. Amati, G. Andreuzzi, G. Cusumano, E. E. Fenimore, P. Ferrero, P. Giommi, D. Guetta, S. T. Holland, K. Hurley, G. L. Israel, J. Mao, C. B. Markwardt, N. Masetti, C. Pagani, E. Palazzi, D. M. Palmer, S. Piranomonte, G. Tagliaferri, V. Testa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

445 Scopus citations


Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are produced by rare types of massive stellar explosion. Their rapidly fading afterglows are often bright enough at optical wavelengths that they are detectable at cosmological distances. Hitherto, the highest known redshift for a GRB was z = 6.7 (ref. 1), for GRB 080913, and for a galaxy was z = 6.96 (ref. 2). Here we report observations of GRB 090423 and the near-infrared spectroscopic measurement of its redshift, z =. This burst happened when the Universe was only about 4 per cent of its current age. Its properties are similar to those of GRBs observed at low/intermediate redshifts, suggesting that the mechanisms and progenitors that gave rise to this burst about 600,000,000 years after the Big Bang are not markedly different from those producing GRBs about 10,000,000,000 years later.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1260
Number of pages3
Issue number7268
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


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