## Abstract

We calculate the gravitational waves (GW) spectrum produced in various Early Universe scenarios from gauge field sources, thus generalizing earlier inflationary calculations to bouncing cosmologies. We consider generic couplings between the gauge fields and the scalar field dominating the energy density of the Universe. We analyze the requirements needed to avoid a backreaction that will spoil the background evolution. When the scalar is coupled only to FF̃ term, the sourced GW spectrum is exponentially enhanced and parametrically the square of the vacuum fluctuations spectrum, P_{T} ^{s} ∼ (P_{T} ^{v})^{2}, giving an even bluer spectrum than the standard vacuum one. When the scalar field is also coupled to F^{2} term, the amplitude is still exponentially enhanced, but the spectrum can be arbitrarily close to scale invariant (still slightly blue), n_{T} ≳ 0, that is distinguishable form the slightly red inflationary one. Hence, we have a proof of concept of observable GW on CMB scales in a bouncing cosmology.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 017 |

Journal | Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics |

Volume | 2016 |

Issue number | 9 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2016 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Alternatives to inflation
- Gravitational waves and CMBR polarization
- Physics of the early universe
- Primordial gravitational waves (theory)