Glucose uptake by adipocytes of obese rats: Effect of one bout of acute exercise

R. Burstein, A. Zissholtz, Y. Zick-Bachar, Y. Epstein, Y. Shapiro, E. Karnieli

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4 Scopus citations


The effect of one bout of acute exercise on impaired glucose metabolism was studied in obese (480 ± 20 g), untrained rats, at rest (n = 10) and after 60 min of swimming (n = 5). Using the euglycemic, hyperinsulinemic (10mU · kg-1 · min-1) clamp, glucose clearance rate increased from 7.6 ± 0.9 at rest to 9.7 ± 0.5 mL · kg-1 · min-1 after exercise (p < 0.05). Glucose (3-O-[14C]methylglucose) transport (GT) into epididymal adipocytes was also studied. Animals were sacrificed at rest (n = 21) or after swimming (n = 18) and their epididymal adipocytes were incubated with or without insulin. In the absence of insulin, GT was 0.13 ± 0.02 and 0.26 ± 0.07 fmol · cell-1 · min-1 at rest and after exercise, respectively. In the presence of insulin (25 - 1000 μU · mL-1) GT increased at rest from 0.97 ± 0.08 to 1.13 ± 0.07 fmol · cell-1 · min-1, and after exercise from 1.35 ± 0.05 to 1.87 ± 0.11 fmol · cell-1 · min-1. GT was significantly higher after exercise compared with rest (p < 0.004). At rest, maximal insulin effect was achieved at 100 μU · mL-1, whereas with exercise, GT increased gradually with the insulin dosage. The following may be concluded: (i) the biological effect of insulin is amplified in obese rats by one bout of exercise and (ii) exercise affects GT into enlarged adipocytes by enhancing tissue responsiveness to insulin and by a cellular mechanism unrelated to the insulin action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1473-1476
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • euglycemic clamp
  • exercise
  • glucose transport
  • glucose uptake
  • obesity


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