TY - JOUR

T1 - Generalized unparticles, zeros of the Green function, and momentum space topology of the lattice model with overlap fermions

AU - Zubkov, M. A.

PY - 2012/8/20

Y1 - 2012/8/20

N2 - The definition of topological invariants N 4, N 5 suggested in M.A. Zubkov and G.E. Volovik, Nucl. Phys.NUPBBO0550-3213 B860, 295 (2012)10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2012.03.002 is extended to the case when there are zeros and poles of the Green function in momentum space. It is shown how to extend the index theorem suggested by Zubkov and Volovik to this case. The nonanalytical exceptional points of the Green function appear in the intermediate vacuum, which exists at the transition line between the massive vacua with different values of topological invariants. Their number is related to the jump ΔN 4 across the transition. The given construction is illustrated by momentum space topology of the lattice model with overlap fermions. The fermion excitations that appear in the vicinities of the given points cannot be considered as usual fermion particles. We, therefore, feel it is appropriate to call them generalized unparticles. This notion is, in the general case, different from the Georgi's unparticle. However, in the case of lattice overlap fermions, the propagator of such excitations is indeed that of the fermionic unparticle suggested in M. Luo and G. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B 659, 341 (2008)PYLBAJ0370-269310.1016/j.physletb.2007.10.058.

AB - The definition of topological invariants N 4, N 5 suggested in M.A. Zubkov and G.E. Volovik, Nucl. Phys.NUPBBO0550-3213 B860, 295 (2012)10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2012.03.002 is extended to the case when there are zeros and poles of the Green function in momentum space. It is shown how to extend the index theorem suggested by Zubkov and Volovik to this case. The nonanalytical exceptional points of the Green function appear in the intermediate vacuum, which exists at the transition line between the massive vacua with different values of topological invariants. Their number is related to the jump ΔN 4 across the transition. The given construction is illustrated by momentum space topology of the lattice model with overlap fermions. The fermion excitations that appear in the vicinities of the given points cannot be considered as usual fermion particles. We, therefore, feel it is appropriate to call them generalized unparticles. This notion is, in the general case, different from the Georgi's unparticle. However, in the case of lattice overlap fermions, the propagator of such excitations is indeed that of the fermionic unparticle suggested in M. Luo and G. Zhu, Phys. Lett. B 659, 341 (2008)PYLBAJ0370-269310.1016/j.physletb.2007.10.058.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865251299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.034505

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.034505

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AN - SCOPUS:84865251299

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 86

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 3

M1 - 034505

ER -