From voxels to pixels and back: Self-supervision in natural-image reconstruction from fMRI

Roman Beliy, Guy Gaziv, Assaf Hoogi, Francesca Strappini, Tal Golan, Michal Irani

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reconstructing observed images from fMRI brain recordings is challenging. Unfortunately, acquiring sufficient “labeled” pairs of {Image, fMRI} (i.e., images with their corresponding fMRI responses) to span the huge space of natural images is prohibitive for many reasons. We present a novel approach which, in addition to the scarce labeled data (training pairs), allows to train fMRI-to-image reconstruction networks also on “unlabeled” data (i.e., images without fMRI recording, and fMRI recording without images). The proposed model utilizes both an Encoder network (image-to-fMRI) and a Decoder network (fMRI-to-image). Concatenating these two networks back-to-back (Encoder-Decoder & Decoder-Encoder) allows augmenting the training with both types of unlabeled data. Importantly, it allows training on the unlabeled test-fMRI data. This self-supervision adapts the reconstruction network to the new input test-data, despite its deviation from the statistics of the scarce training data.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems
Volume32
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event33rd Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NeurIPS 2019 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 8 Dec 201914 Dec 2019

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