Floating electrode dielectrophoresis

Saar Golan, David Elata, Meir Orenstein, Uri Dinnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In practice, dielectrophoresis (DEP) devices are based on micropatterned electrodes. When subjected to applied voltages, the electrodes generate nonuniform electric fields that are necessary for the DEP manipulation of particles. In this study, electrically floating electrodes are used in DEP devices. It is demonstrated that effective DEP forces can be achieved by using floating electrodes. Additionally, DEP forces generated by floating electrodes are different from DEP forces generated by excited electrodes. The floating electrodes' capabilities are explained theoretically by calculating the electric field gradients and demonstrated experimentally by using test-devices. The test-devices show that floating electrodes can be used to collect erythrocytes (red blood cells). DEP devices which contain many floating electrodes ought to have fewer connections to external signal sources. Therefore, the use of floating electrodes may considerably facilitate the fabrication and operation of DEP devices. It can also reduce device dimensions. However, the key point is that DEP devices can integrate excited electrodes fabricated by microtechnology processes and floating electrodes fabricated by nanotechnology processes. Such integration is expected to promote the use of DEP devices in the manipulation of nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4919-4926
Number of pages8
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Dielectrophoresis
  • Finite element
  • Floating electrodes
  • Nanoparticles
  • Perfect electric conductor


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