Field treatment of snakebites in the Israel Defense Forces

Jacob Haviv, Michael Huerta, Ofer Shpilberg, Daniel Mimouni, Nahman Ash, Itamar Grotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Eight species of venomous snakes capable of inflicting bites dangerous or fatal to humans inhabit the State of Israel. Soldiers in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) routinely serve under field conditions, and are at greater risk for contact with venomous snakes than are their civilian counterparts. Every year scores of military personnel are bitten by poisonous snakes. The IDF has developed a protocol for field-level treatment of snakebite victims, which we present in this article. Employment of a number of simple therapeutic measures for early treatment of snakebite can prevent or significantly reduce venom-induced morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Reviews
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Field treatment
  • Israel Defense Forces
  • Snakebites


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