Environmental factors and daily functioning levels among adolescents with executive function deficits

Yael Fogel, Sara Rosenblum, Naomi Josman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: This study examines parents’ perceptions of environmental factors in home, school and community settings on daily functioning of adolescents with executive function deficits. The aim was to map environmental supports and barriers and identify factors that predict functioning. Method: Parents of 81 adolescents (10–14 years) completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) part B and Child Evaluation Checklist (CHECK). We used the BRIEF scores to form a group of adolescents with executive function deficits (n = 41) and a matched group with typical development (n = 40). Correlation and discriminate analyses compared environmental factors across groups (PEM-CY) and identified those that predict daily functioning (CHECK). Results: Compared to parents of adolescents with typical development, parents of adolescents with executive function deficits reported significantly more environmental barriers than supports (PEM-CY). School and community social demands of activity predicted the adolescents’ current daily functioning (CHECK). Conclusion: Cognitive and social demands of activities appear to be common factors that limit functioning of adolescents with executive function deficits in home, school and community environments. The PEM-CY part B can promote awareness of the main support and barrier factors and help focus goals for efficient intervention programmes for these adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-97
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Participation
  • adolescent
  • daily functioning
  • environmental factor
  • executive function deficit
  • occupational therapy
  • social demands of activity

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