Enhancing ductility in carbon fiber reinforced polymer concrete sections: A multi-scale investigation

Moab Maidi, Gili Lifshitz Sherzer, Erez Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

As concrete dominates the construction industry, alternatives to traditionally used steel reinforcement are being sought. This study explored the suitability of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) as a substitute within rigid frames, focusing on its impact on section ductility and overall structural durability against seismic events. However, current design guidelines address quasi-static loads, leaving a gap for dynamic or extreme circumstances. Our approach included multiscale simulations, parametric study, and energy dissipation analyses, drawing upon a unique adaptation of modified compression field theory. In our efforts to optimize macro and microparameters to improve yield strength, manage brittleness, and govern failure modes, we also recognized the potential of CFRP’s high corrosion resistance. This characteristic of CFRP could significantly reduce the frequency of required repairs, thereby contributing to enhanced durability of the structures. The research reveals that CFRP’s durability and seismic resistance are attributed to plastic joints within compressed fibers. Notably, CFRP can impart ductility to structural designs, effectively balancing its inherent brittleness, particularly when integrated with quasi-brittle materials. This research challenges the notion that designing bendable components with carbon fiber reinforcement is impractical. It shows that creating ductile bending components with CFRP in concrete is feasible despite the material’s brittleness. This funding overturns conventional assumptions and opens new avenues for using CFRP in structural applications where ductility and resilience are crucial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-398
Number of pages14
JournalComputers and Concrete
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • CFRP
  • energy dissipation
  • high corrosion resistance
  • seismic events
  • structural ductility improvement

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