Enhancement of the O2 or H2 photoproduction rate in a Ce3+/Ce4+-TiO2 system by the TiO2 surface and structure modification

Ekaterina A. Kozlova, Tatyana P. Korobkina, Alexander V. Vorontsov, Valentin N. Parmon

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46 Scopus citations


The effect of structural and surface changes in the suspended TiO2 on the dioxygen and dihydrogen evolution rates was studied with the purpose to improve photogenerated charges utilization efficiency for future solar light water splitting systems which use reversible inorganic electron relays. Prepared rutile and anatase catalysts are characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was discovered that the dioxygen photoproduction rate from the Ce4+-containing TiO2 suspension increased linearly with the rutile specific surface area. A further increase in the O2 generation rate provides a modification of TiO2 surface with Pt. Photodeposition (PD) of Pt resulted in a higher O2 evolution rate than Pt deposition by soft chemical reduction (SCR). The highest photocatalytic activity at pH equal to 0.4 was obtained for 1 wt.% Pt/TiO2 Degussa P25 platinized by PD. In contrast to O2, the H2 photocatalytic production from the Ce3+-containing TiO2 suspension solution was faster over Pt/TiO2 prepared by SCR. Uniform coverage of the TiO2 surface with Pt particles turned out to be more important for the H2 generation than rather for the O2 one. A lower quantum efficiency of the H2 generation associated with the low Ce3+ surface coverage on Pt/TiO2 was attempted to be improved by treating TiO2 surface with inorganic acids. Sulfuric acid increased the rate by 20% while phosphoric and hydrofluoric acids did not. The best photocatalytic dihydrogen production catalyst at pH equal to 1.0 was found to be 1 wt.% Pt/Degussa P25 prepared by SCR and treated with H2SO4. The results demonstrate that the bulk structure (phase composition), morphology (surface area), as well as the surface morphology (Pt distribution) and composition (acid additives) are all important for the O2 and H2 photogeneration in the separate TiO2-suspended based.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • "Shuttle-redox" systems
  • Hydrogen production
  • Photocatalysis
  • Pt
  • Template synthesis
  • TiO


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