Endometrial Receptivity Analysis (ERA) test: an unproven technology: An unproven technology

Zion Ben Rafael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This article addresses the limitations of the endometrial receptivity array (ERA) methodology to increase implantation. Such limitations vary from the assumed inconsistency of the endometrial biopsy, the variable number of genes found to be dysregulated in endometrium samples without the embryonal-induced effect, the failure to account for the simultaneous serum progesterone level, and the expected low percentage of patients who may need this add-on procedure, to the difficulties in synchronising the endometrium with hormone replacements in successive cycles and the inherent perinatal risks associated with routine cryopreservation of embryos. Without a gold standard to compare, the claim that the window of implantation (WOI) might be off by +/- 12 h only requires a good argument for the advantage it provides to human procreation, knowing that embryos can linger for days before actual embedding starts and that the window is actually a few days. The intra-patient variations in the test need to be addressed. In summary, like all other add-ons, it is doubtful whether the ERA test use can significantly enhance implantation success rates.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • ERA test
  • add-ons
  • ART
  • IVF
  • implantation failure
  • RIF


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