Emergent Unparticles Dark Energy can restore cosmological concordance

Ido Ben-Dayan, Utkarsh Kumar

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1 Scopus citations


Addressing the discrepancy between the late and early time measurements of the Hubble parameter, H 0, and the so-called S 8 parameter has been a challenge in precision cosmology. Several models are present to address these tensions, but very few of them can do so simultaneously. In the past, we have suggested Banks-Zaks/Unparticles as an emergent Dark Energy model, and claimed that it can ameliorate the Hubble tension. In this work, we test this claim, and perform a likelihood analysis of the model and its parameters given current data, and compare it to ΛCDM. The model offers a possible resolution of Hubble tension and softens the Large Scale Structure (LSS) tension without employing a scalar field or modifying the gravitational sector. Our analysis shows a higher value of H 0 ∼ 70 - 73 km/sec/Mpc and a slightly lower value of S 8 for certain combinations of data sets. Consideration of Planck CMB data combined with the Pantheon sample and SH0ES priors lowers the H 0 and S 8 tension to 0.96σ and 0.94σ respectively with best-fit Δχ 2 ≈ -11 restoring cosmological concordance. Significant improvement in the likelihood persists for other combinations of data sets as well. Evidence for the model is given by inferring one of its parameters to be x 0 ≃ -4.46. The improvement in the fit is driven by the inclusion of the SH0ES prior. In its absence most of the improvement is due to larger error bars in the Emergent Unparticles Dark Energy model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number047
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2023


  • baryon acoustic oscillations
  • cosmological parameters from CMBR
  • cosmological parameters from LSS
  • cosmology of theories beyond the SM


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