Electric models of large-scale systems and their analogy to thermodynamic systems

Y. Berkovich, G. Golan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper deals with electric models applied in the investigation of complex systems, such as transport, economic, and neuron systems. The increasing interest in such systems can be explained by the fact that they are characterized by parallel (collective) means of complex calculation processes, under the influence of inner information processes. Electric models can also be looked upon as original structures for neuron-like systems. The paper puts emphasis on comparison between the electric models suggested by the authors, on the one hand, and the mechanical and thermal models, on the other hand. It has been shown that entropy phenomena, typical for the latter, can be closely compared to those of electric models, which are distinguished by pure electric values. Also, it has been shown that irreversible processes of energy dissipation, e.g., entropy processes in mechanical models, are corresponded to processes of energy concentration, energy transfer, and/or energy exchange in electric models. This enables us to shed a new light on processes in electric circuit, especially those concerning with structural improvements of electric circuitry and their self-organization, meaning a neg-entropic information character of these processes. Models of two economic tasks have been considered, wherein the calculation process is characterized under the influence of these processes. Assumption on the importance of reactive elements such as carriers of neg-entropy in electric circuits was made as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-519
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Circuits, Systems and Computers
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Complex and thermodynamic systems
  • Electric models
  • Entropy
  • Information processes


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