Effects of stereotypes and suggestion on memory

Mally Shechory, Israel Nachson, Joseph Glicksohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this study, the interactive effect of stereotype and suggestion on accuracy of memory was examined by presenting 645 participants (native Israelis and immigrants from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia) with three versions of a story about a worker who is waiting in a managers office for a meeting. All versions were identical except for the workers name, which implied a Russian or an Ethiopian immigrant or a person of no ethnic origin. Each participant was presented with one version of the story. After an hour delay, the participants memories were tested via two questionnaires that differed in terms of level of suggestion. Data analyses show that (a) when a suggestion matched the participants stereotypical perception, the suggestion was incorporated into memory but (b) when the suggestion contradicted the stereotype, it did not influence memory. The conclusion was that recall is influenced by stereotypes but can be enhanced by compatible suggestions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-130
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • Ethnic origin
  • Memory
  • Stereotype
  • Suggestion


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