Effects of commonly used medications on bone tissue mineralisation in SaOS-2 human bone cell line: An in vitro study

M. Salai, D. Somjen, R. Gigi, O. Yakobson, S. Katzburg, O. Dolkart

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

We analysed the effects of commonly used medications on human osteoblastic cell activity in vitro, specifically proliferation and tissue mineralisation. A list of medications was retrieved from the records of patients aged > 65 years filed in the database of the largest health maintenance organisation in our country (> two million members). Proliferation and mineralisation assays were performed on the following drugs: rosuvastatin (statin), metformin (antidiabetic), metoprolol (β-blocker), citalopram (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor [SSRI]), and omeprazole (proton pump inhibitor (PPI)). All tested drugs significantly stimulated DNA synthesis to varying degrees, with rosuvastatin 5 μg/ml being the most effective among them (mean 225% (SD 20)), compared with metformin 10 μg/ml (185% (SD 10)), metoprolol 0.25 μg/ml (190% (SD 20)), citalopram 0.05 μg/ml (150% (SD 10)) and omeprazole 0.001 μg/ml (145% (SD 5)). Metformin and metoprolol (to a small extent) and rosuvastatin (to a much higher extent) inhibited cell mineralisation (85% (SD 5)). Our results indicate the need to evaluate the medications prescribed to patients in terms of their potential action on osteoblasts. Appropriate evaluation and prophylactic treatment (when necessary) might lower the incidence and costs associated with potential medicationinduced osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1575-1580
Number of pages6
JournalBone and Joint Journal
Volume95 B
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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