Effects of a short-term plyometric and resistance training program on fitness performance in boys age 12 to 15 years

Avery D. Faigenbaum, James E. McFarland, Fred B. Keiper, William Tevlin, Nicholas A. Ratamess, Jie Kang, Jay R. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a six week training period of combined plyometric and resistance training (PRT, n = 13) or resistance training alone (RT, n = 14) on fitness performance in boys (12-15 yr). The RT group performed static stretching exercises followed by resistance training whereas the PRT group performed plyometric exercises followed by the same resistance training program. The training duration per session for both groups was 90 min. At baseline and after training all participants were tested on the vertical jump, long jump, medicine ball toss, 9.1 m sprint, pro agility shuttle run and flexibility. The PRT group made significantly (p < 0.05) greater improvements than RT in long jump (10.8 cm vs. 2.2 cm), medicine ball toss (39.1 cm vs. 17.7 cm) and pro agility shuttle run time (-0.23 sec vs. -0.02 sec) following training. These findings suggest that the addition of plyometric training to a resistance training program may be more beneficial than resistance training and static stretching for enhancing selected measures of upper and lower body power in boys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-525
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Power
  • Strength training
  • Stretchshortening cycle

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