Effect of thermal properties of a substrate on formation of self-arranged surface structures on evaporated polymer films

Leonid A. Dombrovsky, Mark Frenkel, Irina Legchenkova, Edward Bormashenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is confirmed experimentally that both the heat conduction along the substrate and its heat capacity affect significantly the self-organized structures on the surface of an evaporated polymer film. The analysis presented is based on a combination of the laboratory experiments and heat transfer modeling. It is shown that only a part of the holes on the film surface can be classified as the breath figures, whereas the others are formed due to the solvent evaporation in the film volume, under the solid surface crust of the film. A combined experimental and computational analysis enables the authors to obtain a convective instability of the boundary layer flow triggered by the fast evaporation of the solvent. Most likely, this effect is responsible for the large-scale surface pattern which looks as vertical strips of Bénard-like cells. The orifices grouped at the boundaries of these convective cells are definitely produced by the volume evaporation of solvent under the surface crust. The suppression of surface patterns with the use of metal-containing substrates is accompanied by more intense producing the porous structure inside the polymer film.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120053
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume158
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Breath figures
  • Evaporation
  • Heat transfer
  • Instability
  • Polymer film
  • Porous structure

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