Early identification of subjective cognitive functional decline among patients with Parkinson’s disease: a longitudinal pilot study

Sara Rosenblum, Sonya Meyer, Ariella Richardson, Sharon Hassin-Baer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Practical methods for early identification of Parkinson’s disease (PD) mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI) through changes in real-life daily functioning are scarce. The aim of the study was to examine whether the cognitive functional (CF) feature, comprising of seven self-reported Movement Disorder Society’s (MDS) Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) items, predicts PD patients’ cognitive functional status after a year. We conducted a 1-year follow-up of 34 PD patients (50–78 year; 70.6% men) suspected of MCI using the following measures: the MDS-UPDRS, UPDRS-CF feature, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Trail Making Test (TMT), Parkinson’s Disease Cognitive Functional Rating Scale (PD-CFRS), and Daily Living Questionnaire (DLQ). The first and second UPDRS-CF feature scores, and additional measures at the 1-year follow-up significantly correlated. Hierarchical regression revealed that the initial MoCA, TMT, and BDI scores predicted the second UPDRS-CF, and the first UPDRS-CF predicted 31% of the second PD-CFRS score variance. Depression moderated the relationship between the first UPDRS-CF score and the DLQ Part A. These results suggest practical, self-reported, daily functional markers for identifying gradual decline in PD patients. They consider the patients’ heterogeneity, underlying cognitive pathology, and implications on daily functioning, health, and well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22242
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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