Dynamic beat-to-beat QT-RR relationship during physiotherapy effort in elderly patients without primary heart disease

Marina Arab, Shimon Abboud, Michal M. Radai, Orit Elion, Sharon Bar-Nachum, More Zohar, Abraham Adunsky

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9 Scopus citations


The ECGs from 18 patients hospitalized in a rehabilitation setting, following surgery for hip fracture, were examined to characterize the dynamic behavior of uncorrected QT interval in relation to changing RR interval during physiotherapy effort. ECG waveforms were analyzed to extract beat-to- beat QT and RR intervals using a computerized ECG Analyzer (CEA-1100). The method of defining the QT and RR intervals is based on performing multiple cross-correlations that enable rejection of artifacts from the analysis. The relationship between the RR and QT intervals was found using the following general formula QT(i) = cRR(i-1)/b. Linear regression was performed on the logarithms of QT and RR measurements obtained to estimate the constant (a = log c) and the slope (b) values, reflecting the dynamic change of QT during physiotherapy effort. Having these two values, the dynamic QT extrapolated to a heart period of 1 second (QTcd) was calculated. The results were compared to the conventional corrected static QT according to the Bazzet formula (QTcs). The mean values of constants (a = log c) and slopes (b) over all patients were found to be 1.61 ± 0.23 and 0.33 ± 0.08, respectively, giving a QT (ms) heart-period (ms) dynamic relation of QT(i) = 41 x RR(i- 1)/0.33. The correlation between the dynamic QT and the static QT intervals was not significant. The mean values of the QTcd and QTcs intervals were significantly different (392 ± 25 ms vs 434 ± 28 ms; P < 0.0001). This dynamic measurement method of QT intervals may provide additional information on normal and abnormal cardiac repolarization in health and disease, helping in the diagnosis of cardiac disorders and arrhythmia risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1244
Number of pages5
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Physiotherapy
  • QT interval
  • RR interval


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