Dual-dye systems comprising activatable fluorescein dye and hydrophobic or hydrophilic Cy5 reference fluorophore for ratiometric drug delivery monitoring

Dvir Poplinger, Andrii Bazylevich, Maksym Bokan, Gary Gellerman, Leonid Patsenker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ratiometric fluorescence detection in biological samples in vitro and in vivo mitigates several issues in conventional single-signal measurements such as light absorption and scattering, dye photobleaching, and instrumental parameters. Herein, two new systems for ratiometric monitoring of drug delivery are synthesized and investigated. These systems comprise a non-fluorescent fluorescein-based dye, Flu, bound to the anticancer drug, azatoxin (Aza), through a hydrolytically cleavable acrylate ester linker and either hydrophobic (Cy5h) or hydrophilic (Cy5s) pentamethine cyanine dye providing a red-light reference signal. Upon drug release, the green Flu fluorescence notably increases enabling ratiometric tracking of drug release events. The spectral properties of the developed conjugates and fluorescently monitored drug release rates are investigated in biologically relevant media with respect of the Cy5 dye hydrophilicity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113113
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume408
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Activatable fluorescence
  • Cy5
  • Drug delivery monitoring
  • Fluorescein
  • Ratiometry

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