Do labetalol and methyldopa have different effects on pregnancy outcome? Analysis of data from the Control of Hypertension In Pregnancy Study (CHIPS) trial

the CHIPS Study Group

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62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare pregnancy outcomes, accounting for allocated group, between methyldopa-treated and labetalol-treated women in the CHIPS Trial (ISRCTN 71416914) of ‘less tight’ versus ‘tight’ control of pregnancy hypertension. Design: Secondary analysis of CHIPS Trial cohort. Setting: International randomised controlled trial (94 sites, 15 countries). Population or sample: Of 987 CHIPS recruits, 481/566 (85.0%) women treated with antihypertensive therapy at randomisation. Of 981 (99.4%) women followed to delivery, 656/745 (88.1%) treated postrandomisation. Methods: Logistic regression to compare outcomes among women who took methyldopa or labetalol, adjusted for the influence of baseline factors. Main outcome measures: CHIPS primary (perinatal loss or high level neonatal care for >48 hours) and secondary (serious maternal complications) outcomes, birthweight <10th centile, severe maternal hypertension, pre-eclampsia and delivery at <34 or <37 weeks. Results: Methyldopa and labetalol were used commonly at randomisation (243/987, 24.6% and 238/987, 24.6%, respectively) and post-randomisation (224/981, 22.8% and 433/981, 44.1%, respectively). Following adjusted analyses, methyldopa (versus labetalol) at randomisation was associated with fewer babies with birthweight <10th centile [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.48; 95% CI 0.20–0.87]. Methyldopa (versus labetalol) postrandomisation was associated with fewer CHIPS primary outcomes (aOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.40–1.00), birthweight <10th centile (aOR 0.54; 95% CI 0.32–0.92), severe hypertension (aOR 0.51; 95% CI 0.31–0.83), pre-eclampsia (aOR 0.55; 95% CI 0.36–0.85), and delivery at <34 weeks (aOR 0.53; 95% CI 0.29–0.96) or <37 weeks (aOR 0.55; 95% CI 0.35–0.85). Conclusion: These nonrandomised comparisons are subject to residual confounding, but women treated with methyldopa (versus labetalol), particularly those with pre-existing hypertension, may have had better outcomes. Tweetable abstract: There was no evidence that women treated with methyldopa versus labetalol had worse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1151
Number of pages9
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume123
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CHIPS trial
  • hypertension
  • labetalol
  • methyldopa
  • pregnancy

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