Divide and conquer: The consolidation of Hafiz al-Assad’s policy toward Lebanon -the early stages

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Abstract

This article examines the attitude of Syria toward Lebanon during the first years of Hafiz al-Assad’s regime. Assad adhered to the policy of ‘divide and conquer’ in which Syria purposefully prevented any Lebanese figure from becoming too powerful in the political arena. The article will analyze two cases of prominent Lebanese leaders in which Syria applied this policy, President Suleiman Frangieh and the Druze leader Kamal Jumblatt. Both were close allays of Assad, but this fact did not prevent the latter from acting against his friends. The article’s main claim is that by using this policy, Assad paved the way for Syrian intervention and increasing influence in the land of the cedars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-637
Number of pages14
JournalMiddle Eastern Studies
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2017

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