Demonstration of an integrated nanophotonic chip-scale alkali vapor magnetometer using inverse design

Yoel Sebbag, Eliran Talker, Alex Naiman, Yefim Barash, Uriel Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, there has been growing interest in the miniaturization and integration of atomic-based quantum technologies. In addition to the obvious advantages brought by such integration in facilitating mass production, reducing the footprint, and reducing the cost, the flexibility offered by on-chip integration enables the development of new concepts and capabilities. In particular, recent advanced techniques based on computer-assisted optimization algorithms enable the development of newly engineered photonic structures with unconventional functionalities. Taking this concept further, we hereby demonstrate the design, fabrication, and experimental characterization of an integrated nanophotonic-atomic chip magnetometer based on alkali vapor with a micrometer-scale spatial resolution and a magnetic sensitivity of 700 pT/√Hz. The presented platform paves the way for future applications using integrated photonic–atomic chips, including high-spatial-resolution magnetometry, near-field vectorial imaging, magnetically induced switching, and optical isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalLight: Science and Applications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

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