Data fusion of LIBS and PIL hyperspectral imaging: Understanding the luminescence phenomenon of a complex mineral sample

Alessandro Nardecchia, Anna de Juan, Vincent Motto-Ros, Michael Gaft, Ludovic Duponchel

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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) imaging is an innovative technique that associates the valuable atomic, ionic and molecular emission signals of the parent spectroscopy with spatial information. LIBS works using a powerful pulse laser as excitation source, to generate a plasma exhibiting emission lines of atoms, ions and molecules present in the ablated matter. The advantages of LIBS imaging are potential high sensitivity (in the order of ppm), easy sample preparation, fast acquisition rate (up to 1 kHz) and μm scale spatial resolution (weight of the ablated material in the order of ng). Despite these positive aspects, LIBS imaging easily provides datasets consisting of several million spectra, each containing several thousand spectral channels. Under these conditions, the current chemometric analyses of the raw data are still possible, but require too high computing resources. Therefore, the aim of this work is to propose a data compression strategy oriented to keep the most relevant spectral channel and pixel information to facilitate, fast and reliable signal unmixing for an exhaustive exploration of complex samples. This strategy will apply not only to the context of LIBS image analysis, but to the fusion of LIBS with other imaging technologies, a scenario where the data compression step becomes even more mandatory. The data fusion strategy will be applied to the analysis of a heterogeneous kyanite mineral sample containing several trace elements by LIBS imaging associated with plasma induced luminescence (PIL) imaging, these two signals being acquired simultaneously by the same microscope. The association of compression and spectral data fusion will allow extracting the compounds in the mineral sample associated with a fused LIBS/PIL fingerprint. This LIBS/PIL association will be essential to interpret the PIL spectral information, which is nowadays very complex due to the natural overlapped signals provided by this technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number339368
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Chemometrics
  • Data fusion
  • Hyperspectral imaging
  • LIBS
  • PIL


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