TY - UNPB

T1 - Cycle lengths in randomly perturbed graphs

AU - Aigner-Horev, Elad

AU - Hefetz, Dan

AU - Krivelevich, Michael

N1 - 21 pages, 4 figures

PY - 2022/6/24

Y1 - 2022/6/24

N2 - Let $G$ be an $n$-vertex graph, where $\delta(G) \geq \delta n$ for some $\delta := \delta(n)$. A result of Bohman, Frieze and Martin from 2003 asserts that if $\alpha(G) = O \left(\delta^2 n \right)$, then perturbing $G$ via the addition of $\omega \left(\frac{\log(1/\delta)}{\delta^3} \right)$ random edges, asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s. hereafter) results in a Hamiltonian graph. This bound on the size of the random perturbation is only tight when $\delta$ is independent of $n$ and deteriorates as to become uninformative when $\delta = \Omega \left(n^{-1/3} \right)$. We prove several improvements and extensions of the aforementioned result. First, keeping the bound on $\alpha(G)$ as above and allowing for $\delta = \Omega(n^{-1/3})$, we determine the correct order of magnitude of the number of random edges whose addition to $G$ a.a.s. results in a pancyclic graph. Our second result ventures into significantly sparser graphs $G$; it delivers an almost tight bound on the size of the random perturbation required to ensure pancyclicity a.a.s., assuming $\delta(G) = \Omega \left((\alpha(G) \log n)^2 \right)$ and $\alpha(G) \delta(G) = O(n)$. Assuming the correctness of Chv\'atal's toughness conjecture, allows for the mitigation of the condition $\alpha(G) = O \left(\delta^2 n \right)$ imposed above, by requiring $\alpha(G) = O(\delta(G))$ instead; our third result determines, for a wide range of values of $\delta(G)$, the correct order of magnitude of the size of the random perturbation required to ensure the a.a.s. pancyclicity of $G$. For the emergence of nearly spanning cycles, our fourth result determines, under milder conditions, the correct order of magnitude of the size of the random perturbation required to ensure that a.a.s. $G$ contains such a cycle.

AB - Let $G$ be an $n$-vertex graph, where $\delta(G) \geq \delta n$ for some $\delta := \delta(n)$. A result of Bohman, Frieze and Martin from 2003 asserts that if $\alpha(G) = O \left(\delta^2 n \right)$, then perturbing $G$ via the addition of $\omega \left(\frac{\log(1/\delta)}{\delta^3} \right)$ random edges, asymptotically almost surely (a.a.s. hereafter) results in a Hamiltonian graph. This bound on the size of the random perturbation is only tight when $\delta$ is independent of $n$ and deteriorates as to become uninformative when $\delta = \Omega \left(n^{-1/3} \right)$. We prove several improvements and extensions of the aforementioned result. First, keeping the bound on $\alpha(G)$ as above and allowing for $\delta = \Omega(n^{-1/3})$, we determine the correct order of magnitude of the number of random edges whose addition to $G$ a.a.s. results in a pancyclic graph. Our second result ventures into significantly sparser graphs $G$; it delivers an almost tight bound on the size of the random perturbation required to ensure pancyclicity a.a.s., assuming $\delta(G) = \Omega \left((\alpha(G) \log n)^2 \right)$ and $\alpha(G) \delta(G) = O(n)$. Assuming the correctness of Chv\'atal's toughness conjecture, allows for the mitigation of the condition $\alpha(G) = O \left(\delta^2 n \right)$ imposed above, by requiring $\alpha(G) = O(\delta(G))$ instead; our third result determines, for a wide range of values of $\delta(G)$, the correct order of magnitude of the size of the random perturbation required to ensure the a.a.s. pancyclicity of $G$. For the emergence of nearly spanning cycles, our fourth result determines, under milder conditions, the correct order of magnitude of the size of the random perturbation required to ensure that a.a.s. $G$ contains such a cycle.

KW - math.CO

M3 - פרסום מוקדם

BT - Cycle lengths in randomly perturbed graphs

ER -