Cross-cultural adaptation, validation and psychometric evaluation of the International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (iHOT12) to Hebrew

Yael Steinfeld-Mass, Noa Ben-Ami, Itamar Botser, David Morgenstern, Aharon S. Finestone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The “International Hip Outcome Tool 12” (iHOT12) is a self-administered patient-reported outcome tool for measuring health-related quality of life and physical functioning in young and active patients with hip pathology. Since the iHOT12 has become widely used, we sought to translate and validate it for Hebrew-speaking populations. The aims of this study were: (1) To translate and culturally adapt the iHOT12 into Hebrew using established guidelines. (2) To test the new Hebrew version for validity, and (3) reliability. Methods: The iHOT12 was translated and culturally adapted from English to Hebrew (iHOT12-H) according to the COSAMIN guidelines. For validity, the iHOT12-H and Western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) were completed by 200 patients with hip pathology. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess structural validity. Subsequently, 51 patients repeated the iHOT12-H within a 2-week interval. Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), Cronbach alpha, and Standard Error of Measurement (SEM) were calculated to assess reliability. Results: Construct validity: iHOT12-H correlated strongly to the WOMAC scores (r = -0.82, P < 0.001, Spearman). Factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.953 confirming internal consistency to be highly satisfactory. Test–retest correlation of the iHOT12-H was excellent with an ICC = 0.956 (95% CI 0.924–0.974). There was no floor or ceiling effect. Conclusion: The iHOT12 Hebrew version has excellent reliability, good construct validity and can be used as a measurement tool for physical functioning and quality of life in young, physically active patients with hip pathology. This study will serve Israeli researchers in evaluating treatment effectiveness for these patients. Moreover, it will also enable multinational cooperation in the study of hip pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Hebrew
  • Hip pain
  • International hip outcome tool 12 (iHOT)
  • Patient reported outcome measures
  • Reliability
  • Validity


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