Conservative treatment for Brucella endocarditis

Natan Cohen, Ahuva Golik, Irena Alon, Ronit Zaidenstein, Victor Dishi, Julio Karpuch, Itzchak Zyssman, David Modai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endocarditis is the most devastating complication of brucellosis. The accepted treatment for Brucella endocarditis (BE) is a combination of valve replacement and antibiotics. Conservative antibiotic treatment alone is not recommended by most authors, as it is considered ineffective, risking fatality. We describe a patient with BE, in whom antibiotic treatment alone resulted in complete recovery. On reviewing the literature, we found 12 additional such cases. We compared this group of 13 patients with data from 49 published cases treated with a combination of surgery and antibiotics, with a favorable outcome. Absence of congestive heart failure or a prosthetic valve, relatively mild extravalvular cardiac involvement, and a somewhat shorter disease history until initiation of treatment were characteristic of the group treated conservatively in comparison with patients who underwent surgery. In selected patients with BE, conservative antibiotic treatment may be a valid alternative to surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-294
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brucella endocarditis
  • conservative treatment
  • surgical treatment

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