Conditions for direct applicability of electronic capacitors to dual-stage grid-connected power conversion systems

A. Mutovkin, M. Mellincovsky, V. Yuhimenko, S. Schacham, A. Kuperman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Active capacitance reduction circuits (ACRCs) are dc-dc converters, terminated by a small auxiliary capacitor, typically utilized to replace bulk electrolytic capacitors in dual-stage grid-connected power conversion systems. Electronic capacitors are ACRCs supporting 'plug-And-play' operation in addition to the ability to emulate virtually any finite capacitance at dc-link connected terminals. Despite excellent steady-state functionality, all ACRCs possess the poor response to steplike no-load-To-full-load (and vice versa) transients due to the fact that the auxiliary capacitor utilized (and thus corresponding energy stored) is much smaller than the bulk dc-link capacitor being replaced. Nevertheless, in grid-feeding applications where fuel cells of photovoltaic generators act as a power source, the rate of generated power change is limited. This is also true regarding some off-grid systems such as LED lighting with dimming, where sudden load changes are unnecessary and electronic capacitors seem to be directly applicable in such systems. Therefore, this paper reveals the limits of steplike and ramplike load variations, tolerable by a system equipped with an electronic capacitor, based on its power rating and auxiliary capacitance value utilized. Examples are given for typical systems with 400-V dc link, connected to 50-Hz mains. The validity of presented findings is well-supported by simulations and experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8698874
Pages (from-to)1805-1814
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Active capacitance reduction
  • electronic capacitor
  • grid-connected power conversion system
  • load transients

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