Complex Collective Trauma Following a Terror Attack in a Small Community: A Systemic Analysis of Community Voices and Psychosocial Interventions

Chaya Possick, Miriam Shapira, Vered Shalman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this ethnographic study, data were collected four months, one year, and three years following a terror attack on civilians in a small Israeli community. The data included protocols of meetings of the intervention team, informal and formal interviews, and follow-up telephone interviews with local leaders and psychosocial professionals who worked with individuals, families, and groups in the community. Content analysis of field notes and interviews led to the elaboration of the theoretical construct “complex collective trauma.” The analysis of the community voices and psychosocial interventions indicated the importance of action-oriented, meaning-making community projects and memorials, screening and government-funded short-term trauma therapy, mapping interlocking circles of vulnerability, and an integrated clinical-community model coordinated long-term (one year) by an outside professional.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-255
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Collective trauma
  • complex trauma
  • terror

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