Comparative study on photocatalytic oxidation of four organophosphorus simulants of chemical warfare agents in aqueous suspension of titanium dioxide

Ekaterina A. Kozlova, Panagiotis G. Smirniotis, Alexandre V. Vorontsov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photocatalytic oxidation by oxygen of air was carried out for dimethyl methyl phosphonate (DMMP), trimethyl phosphate (TMP), triethyl phosphate (TEP), and diethyl phosphoramidate (DEPA) in different concentration. The initial rate of organophosphorus compounds consumption increases with the initial concentration at relatively low concentrations but decreases at higher initial concentrations. If the concentration is higher than the concentration in maximum, the rate decreases because of the lack of adsorbed oxygen. These summit-like dependences are well approximated by one site Langmuir-Hinshelwood equation with competitive adsorption of oxygen and organophosphorus compound. Parameters of the Langmuir-Hinshelwood equation are reported. Complete mineralization of the organophosphorus compounds at the end of reaction was evidenced by the total organic carbon concentration profiles. These profiles have sigmoidal shape. GC-MS technique was used to identify intermediates of TEP and TMP oxidation. The main intermediates are dimethyl phosphate and methyl phosphate in the case of TMP and diethyl phosphate and ethyl phosphate in the case of TEP. The set of intermediates shows that photocatalytic oxidation proceeds primarily at α carbon atoms of TEP. The distribution of intermediates corroborates that photocatalytic oxidation is initiated by reaction with hydroxyl radicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-511
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume162
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Batch reactor
  • Phosphates
  • Phosphonates
  • Photocatalysis
  • Products
  • Rate constants
  • TOC

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative study on photocatalytic oxidation of four organophosphorus simulants of chemical warfare agents in aqueous suspension of titanium dioxide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this