Coherent Multi-Dwell Processing of Un-Synchronized Dwells for High Velocity Estimation and Super-Resolution in Radar

Benzion Levy, Lior Maman, Shlomi Shvartzman, Yosef Pinhasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes a coherent multi-dwell processing (CMDP) method for high velocity estimation and super-resolution in search and track, while search (TWS) radar modes use an un-conventional signal processing algorithm that exploits multi-dwell transmissions. The existence of the multi-dwell waveform is necessary for visibility needs by un-folding the target’s velocity and range ambiguity and is proposed to be utilized for high velocity estimation and super-resolution. In this paper, the proposed scheme is shown to result in improved velocity estimation and doppler resolution performance for un-ambiguous targets in comparison to classical radar processing. The processing concept uses the same transmitted waveform (WF) and time duration without the need to increase the time on target (TOT) through sophisticated coherent concatenation of the received dwells with velocity compensation between the dwells. The phase compensation in receive mode is implemented for each target according to its characteristics, which means that target velocities are estimated in each dwell separately. The notable result of the CMDP is the linear doppler resolution improvement obtained with the given search resources and without knowing the target characteristics in advance or the dwell delay time. Other possible benefits of this process are the ability to achieve larger detection ranges and high-angle measurement precisions in search mode due to the higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the extended dwell and the ability to track more targets due to efficient time and resource management. An outstanding opportunity to exploit the CMDP is by combining missions in phased array (PA) radars, meeting the multi-objective needs of both high spatial scan rates for illuminating the target and high doppler estimation and resolution performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number782
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • AESA
  • DBF
  • PRF
  • TOT
  • TWS
  • doppler
  • estimation
  • phased array
  • radar
  • revisit time
  • super-resolution
  • visibility map


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