Cognitive Strategies: Moderating the Relationship between Executive Functions and Daily Functioning

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Abstract

Whereas prior studies have addressed relationships between cognitive strategies and learning and achievement, very few dealt with their connection to daily functioning. This study examines the moderation effect of the frequency of compensatory cognitive strategy use within that relationship among university students. A sample of 336 students (18–36 years; 180 women, 156 men) answered the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX; executive function components), Time Organization and Participation Scale (TOPS; daily functioning), and Compensatory Cognitive Strategies Scale (CCSS; strategy use). The results showed significant correlations between the DEX and TOPS for three CCSS levels (−1.0, −1.0 to 1.0, and 1.0 SD from average); the higher the frequency of cognitive strategy use, the stronger the association between the DEX and TOPS. The findings suggest that more frequently use of cognitive strategies can strengthen efficient daily functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16845
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • cognitive load
  • cognitive strategies
  • daily performance
  • executive function
  • self regulation

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