Cognitive-perceptual-affective-motivational dynamics during incremental workload accounting for exertion tolerance

Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Gershon Tenenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Inquiry of the psychological states during the exercise experience failed to fully account for the role of motivation to adhere and the disposition of exertion tolerance (ET). The current study expands the scope of the integrated cognitive-perceptual-affective framework by measuring the motivation to sustain effort in two physical tasks and accounting for ET. Thirty male participants performed cycling and isometric handgrip tasks to assess the progression of the rating of perceived exertion, attentional focus, affective responses, and motivation to adhere, along with an incremental workload. The ET was determined by a handgrip task time to voluntary exhaustion. The findings indicated significant time effects and linear trends for perceived exertion, attentional focus, affect, and perceived arousal but not motivation to adhere during the handgrip and cycling tasks. The ET played a key role in the integrity of the model, particularly in perceptual, attentional, and affective responses. The intended model serves to stimulate new research into adaptation mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-190
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Adherence
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Feeling scale
  • Handgrip test
  • Psychophysiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Cognitive-perceptual-affective-motivational dynamics during incremental workload accounting for exertion tolerance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this