Characteristics related to choice of obstetrician-gynecologist among women of ethiopian descent in Israel

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Abstract

Background: Patient satisfaction with the quality of health care services is complex with many known factors impacting upon satisfaction, among them the choice of physician. Previous studies examined characteristics of a woman’s choice of gynecologist, but information regarding reasons for these choices among women of Ethiopian descent is lacking. The objective of this study was to identify characteristics related preference of an obstetrician-gynecologist based on gender among women of Ethiopian descent. Method: Analysis of anonymous self-reported questionnaire distributed to 500 women of Ethiopian descent who visited an obstetrician-gynecologist at least once in the past three years (Mean age 29.5; SD = 8.2). Trust in physician was examined using the TPS scale; service quality was checked using the SERVQUAL; and the 5Qs model was used to measure patient’s satisfaction of health care. Results: Very religious (84.1%) and religious (53.6%) women of Ethiopian descent were more likely to prefer a female obstetrician-gynecologist compared to traditional (39.3%) or secular (34.4%) women (p < 0.001). Participants had higher probability to prefer a male gynecologist if they had more employment hours (OR = 3.57, 95% CI = 1.72–7.42, p < 0.001), and the responsiveness of the physician was less important to them (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.60–0.99, p < 0.05). Age of participants, country of birth, years in Israel, family status, being a mother, education or health status were not associated with choosing a female obstetrician-gynecologist. Religious women would prefer to wait longer for a female gynecologist due to modesty imperatives, even at the cost of compromising their health as a result of waiting longer. Conclusions: The findings of this research highlight the importance of accessibility to female obstetrician-gynecologists for women of Ethiopian descent and demonstrate that determinants in the host population rather than immigrant’s past culture, affect the women’s decision. This study demonstrates the importance of the health care system in Israel to enable more female obstetrician-gynecologists to treat women of Ethiopian descent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number444
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Jewish Ethiopian immigrant
  • Obstetrician-gynecologist
  • Patient satisfaction

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