Cardiovascular risk profiles clusters among children and adolescents with disabilities

Maayan Bar Yehuda, Sharon Barak, Yeshayahu Hutzler, Kwok Ng, Ariela Giladi, Lilach Bar Meir, Adilson Marques, Avi Zigdon, Moti Zwilling, Orna Reges, Yossi Harel Fisch, Riki Tesler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a precursor for disabilities and death worldwide. Being overweight or obese in combination with physical inactivity and smoking habits may increase the risk for CVD and other health problems such as lower limb osteoarthritis, diabetes, stroke, and various cancer types among children and adolescents. The literature emphasizes the need to follow such groups and evaluate the risk of individuals developing CVD diseases. Therefore, the current study explores the variety of cardiovascular risks in children and adolescents’ profiles clusters with and without disabilities. Methods: Data from 42 countries including Israel, was collected with the support of the world health organization (WHO, Europe) through a questionnaire from 11–19 years old school-aged. Results: The study finding shows that children and adolescents with disabilities demonstrated a higher prevalence of overweight than those who completed the HBSC youth behavior survey. Moreover, the prevalence of tobacco smoking and alcohol use was statisticaly significantly higher among the disabled group than the non-disabled group. In addition, socioeconomic status of responders who presented a very high CVD risk was found as significantly lower than those from the first and second low risk groups. Conclusion: This led to the conclusion that children and adolescents with disability were at a higher risk of developing CVDs than their non-disabled peers. In addition, intervention programs tailored to the needs of adolescents with disability should consider lifestyle habit change and promoting healthy living thus improving their quality of life as well as reducing their risk of being exposed to severe CVD diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number896
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Adolescents
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Disabilities
  • Risk Profiles


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