Banks-Zaks cosmology, inflation, and the Big Bang singularity

Michal Artymowski, Ido Ben-Dayan, Utkarsh Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We consider the thermodynamical behavior of Banks-Zaks theory close to the conformal point in a cosmological setting. Due to the anomalous dimension, the resulting pressure and energy density deviate from that of radiation and result in various interesting cosmological scenarios. Specifically, for a given range of parameters one avoids the cosmological singularity. We provide a full "phase diagram" of possible Universe evolution for the given parameters. For a certain range of parameters, the thermal averaged Banks-Zaks theory alone results in an exponentially contracting universe followed by a non-singular bounce and an exponentially expanding universe, i.e. Inflation without a Big Bang singularity, or shortly termed "dS Bounce". The temperature of such a universe is bounded from above and below. The result is a theory violating the classical Null Energy Condition (NEC). Considering the Banks-Zaks theory with an additional perfect fluid, yields an even richer phase diagram that includes the standard Big Bang model, stable single "normal" bounce, dS Bounce and stable cyclic solutions. The bouncing and cyclic solutions are with no singularities, and the violation of the NEC happens only near the bounce. We also provide simple analytical conditions for the existence of these non-singular solutions. Hence, within effective field theory, we have a new alternative non-singular cosmology based on the anomalous dimension of Bank-Zaks theory that may include inflation and without resorting to scalar fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2020


  • cosmic singularity
  • particle physics - cosmology connection
  • physics of the early universe


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