Attitudes toward food fraud in Israel and Germany

Inna Levy, Pamela Kerschke-Risch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: The current research focused on attitudes toward food fraud (AFF) and examined the impact of types of food fraud, gender differences, and country of residence. Design/methodology/approach: A convenience sample of German (n = 151) and Israeli (n = 496) participants was recruited through an online survey. They filled out a sociodemographic questionnaire and AFF scale, which includes three subscales: organic fraud, kosher fraud, and spraying fraud. Findings: The results indicate that there is a significant effect of type of fraud, country of residence, and gender. German participants expressed more negative attitudes toward organic food fraud and less negative attitudes toward kosher fraud than Israeli participants. Women expressed more negative attitudes toward organic and kosher food frauds than men. Originality/value: This study offers insight into cross-cultural and gender differences in attitudes toward food fraud. The findings suggest that public attitudes toward food fraud represent not just severity of possible consequences, but also environmental and religious aspects of consumption, norms and culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2219-2232
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Food Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - 11 Jun 2020


  • Attitudes
  • Country of residence
  • Culture
  • Food fraud
  • Gender
  • Type of crime


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