TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of Wind Speed Statistics in Samaria Region and Potential Energy Production †

AU - Kolesnik, Sergei

AU - Rabinovitz, Yossi

AU - Byalsky, Michael

AU - Yahalom, Asher

AU - Kuperman, Alon

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

PY - 2023/5

Y1 - 2023/5

N2 - Statistical characteristics of the wind speed in the Samaria region of Israel have been analyzed by processing 11 years of wind data provided by the Israeli Meteorological Service, recorded at a 10 m height above the ground. The cumulative mean wind speed at a measurement height was shown to be 4.53 m/s with a standard deviation of 2.32 m/s. The prevailing wind direction was shown to be characterized by a cumulative mean azimuth of 226° with a standard deviation of 79.76°. The results were extrapolated to a 70 m height in order to estimate wind characteristics at the hub height of a medium-scale wind turbine. Moreover, Weibull distribution parameters were calculated annually, monthly, and seasonally, demonstrating a good match with histogram-based statistical representations. The shape parameter of the Weibull distribution was shown to reside within a narrow range of 1.93 to 2.15, allowing us to assume a Rayleigh distribution, thus simplifying wind turbine energy yield calculations. The novelty of the current paper is related to gathering wind statistics for a certain area (Samaria), and we are not aware of any published statistics regarding wind velocity and direction in this area. These data may be interesting for potential regional wind energy development in which the obtained Weibull distribution could be used in calculations for the expected power generation of particular turbines with a known power dependence on velocity. We have given an example of these calculations for three different types of turbines and obtained their yield in terms of electric power and economic value. We also point out that the fact that realistic wind velocity statistics can be described well by an analytic formula (Weibull distribution) is not trivial, and in fact, the fit may have been poor.

AB - Statistical characteristics of the wind speed in the Samaria region of Israel have been analyzed by processing 11 years of wind data provided by the Israeli Meteorological Service, recorded at a 10 m height above the ground. The cumulative mean wind speed at a measurement height was shown to be 4.53 m/s with a standard deviation of 2.32 m/s. The prevailing wind direction was shown to be characterized by a cumulative mean azimuth of 226° with a standard deviation of 79.76°. The results were extrapolated to a 70 m height in order to estimate wind characteristics at the hub height of a medium-scale wind turbine. Moreover, Weibull distribution parameters were calculated annually, monthly, and seasonally, demonstrating a good match with histogram-based statistical representations. The shape parameter of the Weibull distribution was shown to reside within a narrow range of 1.93 to 2.15, allowing us to assume a Rayleigh distribution, thus simplifying wind turbine energy yield calculations. The novelty of the current paper is related to gathering wind statistics for a certain area (Samaria), and we are not aware of any published statistics regarding wind velocity and direction in this area. These data may be interesting for potential regional wind energy development in which the obtained Weibull distribution could be used in calculations for the expected power generation of particular turbines with a known power dependence on velocity. We have given an example of these calculations for three different types of turbines and obtained their yield in terms of electric power and economic value. We also point out that the fact that realistic wind velocity statistics can be described well by an analytic formula (Weibull distribution) is not trivial, and in fact, the fit may have been poor.

KW - Rayleigh distribution

KW - Weibull distribution

KW - wind statistics assessment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85159296054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/en16093892

DO - 10.3390/en16093892

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AN - SCOPUS:85159296054

SN - 1996-1073

VL - 16

JO - Energies

JF - Energies

IS - 9

M1 - 3892

ER -