Antibacterial Properties of Rose Bengal Conjugated to Hyaluronic Acid

Melad Atrash, Iryna Hovor, Yanna Gurianov, Margarita Barel, Olga Semenova, Tamara Brider, Marina Nisnevitch, Faina Nakonechny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dental diseases, including conditions affecting oral structures, have become more common due to unhealthy lifestyle choices. Traditional antibiotic treatments face challenges related to the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Photodynamic antibacterial chemotherapy is emerging as a promising alternative using photosensitizers to generate reactive oxygen species upon exposure to light. This article examines the photosensitizer Rose Bengal (RB) immobilized in hyaluronic acid (HA) for prolonged antibacterial action. The RB-HA conjugate demonstrated a molar ratio of approximately three RB residues to each of the ten units of HA. RB-HA exhibited a high singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΔΦ = 0.90), suggesting its efficacy in photodynamic treatment. A photostability analysis revealed slower photobleaching of RB-HA, which is essential for prolonged application. Under visible light and ultrasonic treatment, RB-HA exhibited effective antibacterial activity against Gram-positive S. aureus and Gram-negative E. coli bacteria for at least 80 days. The gradual release of RB ensured sustained bactericidal concentration. The study establishes RB-HA as a promising candidate for antimicrobial photodynamic and sonodynamic therapy in dental and other medical fields, providing enhanced stability and prolonged antibacterial efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3330
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • E. coli
  • S. aureus
  • conjugation
  • hyaluronic acid
  • photodynamic antibacterial activity
  • rose bengal
  • slow drug release
  • sonodynamic antibacterial activity

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