Analysis of OSTBC-OFDM Combined with Dual-Polarization and Time-Diversity in Millimeter-Wave MIMO Channels with Rain Distortions

Avner Elgam, Yossi Peretz, Yosef Pinhasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Various destructive weather and physical phenomena affect many parameters in the radio layer (i.e., affecting the wireless paths Over-The-Air (OTA)) of many outdoor-to-outdoor wireless systems. These destructive effects create polarization torsion and rotation of the signals propagating in space and cause the scattering of wireless spatial paths. The direct meaning is a significant degradation in system performance, especially in the Quality-of-Service (QoS). Under these challenging scenarios, intelligent utilization of advanced Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques such as polarization-diversity and time-diversity at the transmitter, as well as at the receiver, and intelligent use of the Cross-Polarization-Isolation (XPI) mechanism, are essential. We prove that combining these techniques with the tuning of the XPI of the antennas creates optimal conditions in the wireless MIMO channels. This combination does not only improve the system’s performance, but also turns the destructive physical phenomena in the spatial-domain, into an advantage. In this article, we focus on formulating a wireless communication MIMO model in millimeter-Wave (mmWave) channels under rain distortions. We demonstrate the optimal use of combining Orthogonal-Space-Time-Coding (OSTBC) and Maximal-Ratio-Receive-Combiner (MRRC) with cross-polarization diversity techniques, that utilize the tuning of the XPI. An analytical exact optimal solution is proposed, that allows the tuning of the leading parameters to achieve global optimal performance, in terms of channel-capacity and Bit-Error-Rate (BER). In addition, we propose a process of approximation of feedback-closed-loop-MIMO. The feedback is employed between the transmitter and the receiver, in the scenario of changes in the channel-response-matrix in-between successive symbol-times. The feedback was designed to acheive global-maximum channel-capacity, while preserving the channel-path orthogonality in order to minimize the BER.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7182
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • MIMO diversity techniques
  • XPI mechanism
  • mmWave wireless communication systems
  • rain distortion


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