An iterative search in end-member fraction space for spectral unmixing

Maxim Shoshany, Fadi Kizel, Nathan S. Netanyahu, Naftali Goldshlager, Thomas Jarmer, Gilad Even-Tzur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


A novel unmixing methodology is presented, searching for a fraction combination of end-members (EMs) that reconstructs the integrated source signal. The search starts with computing an initially estimated unmixing solution and then assesses combinations selected at random within an envelope surrounding this estimated solution. From each of these combinations, it then progresses iteratively along a path of neighboring combinations, so as to minimize the spectral angle between the corresponding (integrated) signatures and the source signal, until reaching a satisfactory solution. The new iterative fraction combination search (IFCS) was compared to the standard least squares unmixing (LSU). An assessment of both methods was conducted with a real Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer image and nine synthetic images generated by randomly selecting fractions for two up to ten EMs derived from this real image. Considering all these EMs for the unmixing solution (not knowing specifically which or how many of them are actually mixed at each pixel), the IFCS method performed considerably better than LSU.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5710030
Pages (from-to)706-709
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Hyperspectral imagery
  • unmixing


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