A systematic review of international franchising

Ilan Alon, Indri Dwi Apriliyanti, Massiel Carolina Henríquez Parodi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Purpose: This paper aims to provide a bibliometric meta-analysis of the already substantial and growing literature on international franchising. Franchising is a model for businesses to achieve scale with limited resources. International franchising is a mode of entry that allows firms to develop new markets with relatively little risk but also little control. Design/methodology/approach: Using a systematic approach, the paper identifies all articles in the ISI Web of Science from 1970 to 2018 that includes the term international franchising (in the title, the abstract or keywords) and finds 131 articles. This paper used HistCite software to analyze the bibliometric data. Findings: Four major research clusters in the international franchising literature are identified. In addition, this study shows a change in research patterns regarding topics, theories and methodologies from the 1970s through 2018. The paper presents the most influential articles, authors and journals. Originality/value: From the analyzes, this study develops a conceptual framework of international franchising and suggest avenues for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-69
Number of pages27
JournalMultinational Business Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Alliances
  • Contractual relations
  • International franchising
  • Meta-analytical review
  • Non-equity modes


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