A Review of Born globals

Stine Øyna, Ilan Alon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


This article synthesizes and categorizes twenty years of research on “International New Ventures” and “Born Globals” (INV/BG). A total of 7,793 citations are used to create a citation map consisting of the field’s top contributions. These citations are, then, used to identify the most influential articles—276 articles published in 45 ISI ranked journals. We employ bibliometric co-citation analysis to distinguish six distinct research streams including “International intensity and Global diversity,” “Market Orientation,” “Entrepreneurial Perspectives,” “Capabilities,” “Networks and Social Capital,” and finally, “Strategic Choices and Environmental factors.” Based on our findings, we propose 23 research questions to consider for future research. The article contributes to our understanding of the evolution of the INV/BG construct over the past two decades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-180
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Studies of Management and Organization
Issue number2
StatePublished - 22 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Bibliometric citation analysis
  • International New Ventures
  • born globals


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