A Reexamination of the Structure of the Inward Outward Upward Prayer Scale

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Abstract

The dimensional structure of the Inward Outward Upward Prayer Scale was examined using exploratory factor analytic and confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) methods. A total of 703 adult Jewish pray-ers participated in the study. CFA indicated a satisfactory fit for the first-order eight-factor structure after excluding two cross-loaded items. The eight prayer subscales demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability, and the correlations between the subscales were similar to those reported in past research. CFA on second-order models indicated that a two-dimensional modality model (cognitive prayer/emotional prayer) had the best fit and was clearly superior to the directionality and intentionality models presented in past research. The implications of these findings for future research on the psychology of prayer are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-153
Number of pages13
JournalThe International Journal for the Psychology of Religion
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2017

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