TY - JOUR

T1 - A Novel Switching Algorithm to the Preferred Clock Skew Estimator Applicable for the PTP Case in the Fractional Gaussian Noise Environment

AU - Avraham, Yehonatan

AU - Pinchas, Monika

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Yehonatan Avraham and Monika Pinchas.

PY - 2023

Y1 - 2023

N2 - Recently, the same authors provided a switching algorithm for the preferred clock skew estimator appropriate for the precision time protocol (PTP) scenario. The algorithm chooses the one-way delay (OWD) clock skew estimator for the Forward path or the Reverse path or the two-way delay (TWD) clock skew estimator that has the best performance in the mean square error (MSE) perspective. However, the switching algorithm applies only to the Gaussian scenario. In a real system, the packet delay variation (PDV) can be characterized as an fractional Gaussian noise (fGn) process where the Hurst exponent parameter can also have values higher than 0.5. Thus, the Gaussian case-switching algorithm may not apply in a real system where after a small set of PTP measurements, the switching algorithm should be able to switch effectively to the preferred clock skew estimator with the best performance in the MSE perspective. In this paper, the PDV is characterized as an fGn process where the Hurst exponent (H) is in the range of 0.5≤H<1. We estimate the unknown PDV variances and the Hurst exponent parameters of the Forward and Reverse paths. These estimated parameters are used for switching to the preferred clock skew estimator from the MSE perspective, even in the presence of asymmetry in the PDV or in the Hurst exponent parameters. We also detect and alarm for the unexpected load, cyber-attack, or clock skew deviation that can occur in a real system.

AB - Recently, the same authors provided a switching algorithm for the preferred clock skew estimator appropriate for the precision time protocol (PTP) scenario. The algorithm chooses the one-way delay (OWD) clock skew estimator for the Forward path or the Reverse path or the two-way delay (TWD) clock skew estimator that has the best performance in the mean square error (MSE) perspective. However, the switching algorithm applies only to the Gaussian scenario. In a real system, the packet delay variation (PDV) can be characterized as an fractional Gaussian noise (fGn) process where the Hurst exponent parameter can also have values higher than 0.5. Thus, the Gaussian case-switching algorithm may not apply in a real system where after a small set of PTP measurements, the switching algorithm should be able to switch effectively to the preferred clock skew estimator with the best performance in the MSE perspective. In this paper, the PDV is characterized as an fGn process where the Hurst exponent (H) is in the range of 0.5≤H<1. We estimate the unknown PDV variances and the Hurst exponent parameters of the Forward and Reverse paths. These estimated parameters are used for switching to the preferred clock skew estimator from the MSE perspective, even in the presence of asymmetry in the PDV or in the Hurst exponent parameters. We also detect and alarm for the unexpected load, cyber-attack, or clock skew deviation that can occur in a real system.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85166763681&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2023/1695589

DO - 10.1155/2023/1695589

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AN - SCOPUS:85166763681

SN - 1024-123X

VL - 2023

JO - Mathematical Problems in Engineering

JF - Mathematical Problems in Engineering

M1 - 1695589

ER -